FMEA (an abbreviation of, Failure Mode and Effects Analysis) - A methodology for analyzing and identifying the most critical steps of manufacturing processes with the aim of product quality control.
According to the military standard United States MIL-STD-1629, Procedures for Performing a Failure Mode, Effects and Criticality Analysis, FMEA - a procedure that allows the analysis of all possible system errors and determine the results or effects on the system to classify all the bugs on their criticality to work system.
Scope AVPO not limited to the main types. AVPO method is also used for non-manufacturing industries such as: Marketing, Sales, Management, Maintenance and Detection.[clarify]Thus, FMEA applicable for the analysis of failure modes and effects of the product, process, system services, and so on during the lifetime of the latter.
FMEA was designed for the US arms industry as the standard approach to identifying, analyzing and categorizing potentially possible failures. Standard MIL-STD-1629. Procedures for Performing a Failure Mode, Effects and Criticality Analysis Failure Mode and Effects Analysisput into effect in 1949, the document is valid in the US and as of 2013.
Later, in the 1950s - 1960s, the standard has been applied in the aerospace industry to prevent defects and expensive custom-made missile technology. Development of the project to land a man on the moon - Apollo -NASA It was carried out using this approach.
In 1970 FMEA methodology has been applied in the automotive industry by Ford to improve the reliability and safety of vehicles. The company also FMEA used to improve the design and manufacturing process. And since 1988, the method began to be used by members' Big Three (GM, Ford, Chrysler). Since 1993 FMEA became one of the requirements of the standards AIAG and American Society for Quality Control.